In this blog we will talk about leptospirosis, a bacterial disease transmitted by both domestic and wild animals. This disease is considered a public health problem by the World Health Organization, so the dissemination of information and the awareness of the general population about it is of vital importance.
- What is leptospirosis?
- How can I get Leptospirosis?
- How do I know if I have leptospirosis?
- Is there a treatment for leptospirosis?
- Can leptospirosis be prevented?
1. What is leptospirosis?
It is a bacterial disease caused by pathogenic bacteria of the genus Leptospira spp that affects humans and animals. It can generate epidemics especially when there are floods and / or bad sewage.
2 How can I get Leptospirosis?
The bacterium is excreted through the urine of an infected animal, the urine falls on the floor or water and can survive for weeks or months waiting to infect an animal or human.
Many animals can transmit the disease for months, even without showing symptoms of the disease, including horses, pigs, dogs, rodents and wild animals.
This disease is more frequent in tropical climates and in people with risk professions such as farmers, mine or sewer workers, veterinarians and other professions in which they work with animals on a daily basis.
The incubation within the body (period in which there was contact with the bacteria, but still no symptoms appear) can vary from 2 to 26 days.
3. How do I know if I have leptospirosis? spirosis?
In humans, the main symptom is fever, accompanied by other non-specific symptoms such as headache, chills, muscle aches (myalgia), vomiting, diarrhea, and the appearance of skin lesions (skin rash). A yellow color on the skin (jaundice) may appear in 10% of people who get the disease. As you can see, the symptoms are very similar to other diseases, so it is sometimes difficult to diagnose this entity.
4. Is there a treatment for leptospirosis?
The first is a proper diagnosis, so if you suspect this disease, you should attend your doctor to carry out the appropriate tests and the early start of treatment (antibiotics) in case of positive results for the disease.
5. Can leptospirosis be prevented?
Yes, there are several ways to prevent the disease, such as:
- Adequate household waste management
- Use of adequate personal protection elements in case of having a risk profession
- Avoid swimming in lakes or rivers contaminated by the bacteria
- Control or solve (if there are) rodent problems in your home.
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